Precast concrete is a desirable building material because it has many inherent benefits which are important to this building type. It is more than a building material, it is a building process. To utilize the full potential of Precast concrete as a prefabricated building system, it is important to conceive a project from the start with Precast concrete as the total building system. For example, if Precast concrete is viewed merely as a cladding or architectural component, then the materialâ€™s
inherent structural capacity must be duplicated by another structural system. Similarity, if Precast concrete partition walls can serve as bearing walls or shear walls, then the cost savings become more apparent by utilizing these strong components to serve multipurpose functions.
Precast Concrete can be molded into a variety of shapes and can be fabricated with many different architectural surface textures. This design freedom is an important benefit of Precast concrete and imaginative designers should take full advantage of its potential. At the same time, discipline and restraint are called for in order to maximize cost savings. Square and rectangular buildings are much more economical in Precast concrete than those with odd external shapes or involved angular interior layouts. Maximum economy and construction speed are more likely to result from simplicity and repetition.
Precast concrete can provide impressive cost savings in construction by reducing the time to completion. The Precast components can be produced in the plant while site preparation and foundation work are proceeding concurrently. When the foundations are completed, Precast building units can be erected swiftly in almost any kind of weather.